UNITED NATIONS (AP) — The Latest on the U.N. signing ceremony for the climate change agreement (all times local):
Brazil’s president is using the signing ceremony to briefly address the political crisis at home, calling the effort to oust her a “grave moment” for the country and thanking leaders who have expressed solidarity with her.
President Dilma Rousseff says she has no doubt the Brazilian people “will be able to prevent any setback.” Despite the crisis, she says, “Brazil is a great nation, with a society that was able to defeat authoritarianism and build a vibrant democracy.”
On climate, Rousseff says her country will restore and reforest 12 million hectares (30 million acres) of forests and 15 million hectares of degraded pastures and increase the nation’s reliance on renewable sources to 45 percent of the energy matrix in order to reduce emissions, without offering any timetable.
China says it will “finalize domestic procedures” to ratify the landmark Paris Agreement on climate change before the G-20 summit in China in September.
The world’s top carbon emitter has said it would ratify the agreement this year, but Friday’s announcement of a deadline is new.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon immediately welcomed the pledge.
China spoke shortly before world leaders from more than 170 countries began signing the agreement.
French President Francois Hollande says he will ask parliament to ratify the Paris Agreement on climate change “by the summer of this year.”
He spoke shortly before world leaders from more than 170 countries began signing the agreement. “There is no turning back now,” he said.
The agreement will enter into force once 55 countries representing at least 55 percent of global emissions have formally joined it. The United States and China, which together account for nearly 40 percent of global emissions, have said they intend to join this year.
Hollande, the U.N. chief and French Environment Minister Segolene Royal, who is in charge of global climate negotiations, invited leaders from all 193 U.N. member states to Friday’s event.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says at the start of a high-level U.N. ceremony where a record 171 countries are expected to sign the landmark climate change agreement that “history is in the making.”
The U.N. chief told global leaders and ministers on Friday that the world is in “a race against time,” citing record global temperatures, record ice loss and record carbon levels in the atmosphere.
“The era of consumption without consequences is over,” Ban said. “We must intensify efforts to decarbonize our economies.”
Ban, who recalled that climate change has been his top priority since he became secretary-general over nine years ago, urged all countries to ratify the agreement so it can come into force as early as possible.
The agreement will enter into force once 55 countries representing at least 55 percent of global emissions have formally joined it.
Up to 170 countries are expected to sign the Paris Agreement on climate change Friday as the landmark deal moves closer to entering into force years ahead of schedule.
Secretary of State John Kerry is joining dozens of world leaders for a U.N. ceremony that should set a record for international diplomacy: Never have so many countries signed an agreement on the first available day.
States that don’t sign Friday have a year to do so.
Many expect the climate agreement to enter into force long before the original deadline of 2020. Some say it could happen this year.
After signing, countries must formally approve the agreement through their domestic procedures. The United Nations says at least 13 countries could take that step Friday by depositing their instruments of ratification.